During a divorce, many Texas couples also have to negotiate child support. Understanding the different types of child support cases might be helpful. Additionally, parents should keep in mind that during a child's life, the situations surrounding their support might change and that in many instances, that will affect their type of support case.
There are four types of child support cases, and each type addresses a particular situation. Three of the types work within the state's Office of Child Support Enforcement and one refers to private child support agreements. Non-IV-D cases are those in which parents are privately paying and receiving child support. If the non-custodial parent fails to pay support, then the case can be referred to the Office of Child Support Enforcement, in which case it becomes a IV-D case.
IV-D child support cases refer to cases where the Office of Child Support Enforcement offers the custodial parent some support, which can come in the form of establishing paternity, locating a non-custodial parent, establishing a support order and enforcing an order. IV-A cases refer to cases where the custodial parent is receiving public assistance and where the Office of Child Support Enforcement attempts to collect support from the non-custodial parent to offset the costs to the state. IV-E cases refer to cases in which the children are not in parental custody. Instead they have a guardian or are in foster care. In those cases, the Office of Child Support Enforcement will attempt to collect support from the non-custodial parent.
Understanding the types of support cases can be helpful during divorce negotiations. To further understand the legal information regarding these cases, parents might consult a lawyer with family law experience, who can explain this information as well as offer advocacy during the process.