Adoption can be as intimidating as it is exciting. Deciding where and how to adopt a child is challenging, and every kind of adoption comes with its own unique hurdles you'll have to face. Understanding the different kinds of adoption can help you make the best decision for your future family.
At Law Offices of Mark M. Childress, we'll usher you through the adoption process, shouldering the legal burden of your case so you can focus on bonding with your new family.
Contact us online or via phone at (817) 497-8148 to schedule a consultation with our team.
A Foreword: Closed Vs. Open Adoption
You may get the opportunity to choose between a closed and an open adoption.
In an open adoption, the adoptee's biological parent remains in contact with them (and you) post-adoption. Alternatively, in a closed adoption, the adoptee's parent has no contact with them (or you) once the adoption is finalized.
Both closed and open adoption have pros and cons. While many adoptive parents balk at the idea of their adopted child's parents, maintaining contact, open adoption does have benefits. When your child is old enough to learn they're adopted, they may want to seek out their biological parents. An open adoption makes this easier, and can also help your child learn more about their culture if they're of a different ethnicity or culture.
With that out of the way, let's discuss the three primary types of adoption in the US.
Type 1: Domestic Foster Care Adoption
Domestic foster care adoption is one of the more popular ways to adopt a child in the US. If you adopt from a foster care facility, you'll work with adoption professionals from your state throughout the adoption process. They'll ask you to provide them with information, complete background checks and parenting classes, and visit your home to ensure it's adoption-read before allowing you to move forward with your adoption.
Domestic foster care adoption may be right for you if:
- You want to adopt an older child;
- You can handle parenting a child who may have trauma;
- You want to work with foster care professionals throughout the adoption;
- You want to adopt for a lower cost.
Type 2: Domestic Private Agency Adoption
In a private agency adoption, you work with a private adoption agency to adopt a child. Most private agencies use the same procedures as state official for the adoption process, requiring parents to pass a background check, attend parenting classes, and complete a home study before proceeding with the adoption.
Private agency adoption may be right for you if:
- You want to adopt a baby;
- You want to have more agency in the adoption process;
- You don't care as much about working with foster care professionals;
- Cost isn't a barrier for you.
Type 3: International Adoption
The final type of adoption we're covering today is international adoption. In international adoption, you work with professionals at the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (UCIS) to adopt a child from another country.
International adoption may be right for you if:
- Cost isn't a barrier (international adoption often requires flying to and from different countries multiple times and can be quite expensive);
- You want to adopt a child from a different culture;
- You don't mind waiting to adopt (international adoption often takes significantly more time than the other options).
If you're considering adopting, you should speak with a reputable adoption lawyer to explore the different types of adoption further and settle on whatever option is best for your family.
At Law Offices of Mark M. Childress, we can help protect your parental rights and ensure you make the best decisions as you move through the adoption process.
Contact us online or via phone at (817) 497-8148 to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced adoption attorneys.